How do humans around the globe envisage malnourishment?
First, as a condition prevalent among people in low income economy, war-torn nations and in Africa where international aid organisations send in food donations and medical supplies to help those affected, especially children.
However, what most people are not privy to is the fact that malnourishment affects both the privileged (those with enough food to eat) and the poor (those who can’t access regular meals).
It isn’t just about having the fiscal strength to afford any food you want. It’s about getting constant food supply in the right proportion filled with high nutritional value.
So a person can be malnourished and obese although they have all the food they can afford but with poor nutritional value and suffer health conditions as someone who simply don’t have access to food in adequate quantities.
This phenomenon is often described as the double burden of malnutrition and this is what governments, doctors and nutritionists and all persons with interest in health/food security should know about to start creating awareness and finding sustainable remedies to.
In simple terms, malnourishment has moved from the angle of poverty to even the rich who have food in abundance, and it’s quite serious as latest research posits that poor diets causes more deaths than smoking.
But one thing that cuts across both ends of malnourishment is the fact that there’s a growing concern about food systems that are not enough to provide regular supply of healthy, secure and sustainable diets and this is where there should be a consistent and concerted effort by experts and stakeholders in the food and nutrition sector to come up with policies and programs designed to solve this problems.
Below are some of the ways to solve the malnourishment scourge plaguing nations:
Farming is humans first contact with food and as populations soar, there’s the need to revolutionize farming especially by utilizing technology to increase production, eliminate post harvest losses and making farming easier. These cannot go without other proper finance initiative for farmers, access to improved seeds and other farm inputs.
Encouraging more fruits and veggies
The influx of junk and fast foods has downplayed the consumption of fruits and vegetables in recent times. Over the years, people are being drawn to shelf foods full of calories but zero nutrition. Now how do we overturn this? By initiating educative programmes that encourages more fruits and vegetables, cooking shows or programmess that teaches families how to properly cook food with vegetables.
Tax and more tax!
Governments can do a lot in this regard by taxing sugary foods, drinks basically tax on all unhealthy foods while nutrients filled alternatives are sold for less. This would cause people to opt for healthier options rather than unhealthy products at princely costs.